There are three main types of school, Mainstream which most pupils attend. There are also Enhanced Resource Schools and Special Schools which support about 2% of pupils with high levels of additional need.
There are many types of mainstream school:
'All-through' schools serve nursery, primary and secondary age children. The governors are responsible for all admissions.
Academies are all-ability schools established by sponsors from business, faith or voluntary groups working in partnership with central government. Governors are responsible for all admissions.
Community and voluntary-controlled schools are managed by the head teacher and governors in partnership with Derby City Council, which arranges admissions to these schools.
Voluntary aided (VA) schools are jointly supported by the Church Diocesan Boards and Derby City Council. The governors employ all the staff and manage their admissions.
Foundation schools are maintained by the local authority, but the governors are responsible for all admissions.
Free schools are all-ability state-funded schools set up in response to parental demand.
Trust schools are maintained schools owned by a trust, where the governors are responsible for all admissions.
Special schools are attended by children with an Education, Health and Care Plan. Special schools provide for pupils whose degree of disability requires a more comprehensive specialist approach than a mainstream school or enhanced resource school can provide. Some experience of mainstream school may be possible. The Council is the admissions authority for all special schools.
Enhanced resource schools are mainstream schools with additional resources for particular children with an Education, Health and Care Plan, where there is more specialist support and staff. Pupils are not generally taught separately and are included in the mainstream classes.
Section 41 of the Children and Families Act allows the Secretary of State, by order, to publish a list of approved independent special schools and special post 16 institutions.
To be on the list they must:
• “have regard” to the SEN (Special Educational Needs) Code of Practice
• have a reciprocal duty to co-operate with the local authority on arrangements for children and young people with SEN
• have specific duties and rights relating to admissions, in line with maintained schools, academies, FE (Further Education) colleges and non-maintained special schools.
For information about Derbyshire schools, visit Derbyshire County Council Local Offer. For information about Derbyshire support service for special educational needs, visit Derbyshire County Council website.