Graduated Response – SEND Support

What is SEND Support and how can it be accessed?‌

SEND - Education and Health Care Plans

The graduated response (SEND Support) is the steps schools take to support children and young people with SEND.

Since the SEND reforms in 2014, School Action and School Action Plus support has been out replaced with the Graduated Response, known as SEND Support. Chapters 5, 6 and 7 of the SEND Code of Practice 2015 provide guidance for early years settings, schools and colleges about identifying children and young people with special educational needs and/or a disability. This allows schools to deliver person centred support without requesting an Education Health and Care Plan (EHCP) for pupils with significant barriers to learning. It is important to remember that it still may still be necessary for a child to have an EHCP at a later stage in life if SEND support is not suitable.

When an education provider identifies that a child or young person has a special educational need and or disability, which requires extra provision to be made, early partnership with the parents and the child or young person is crucial.

Asses, Plan, Do and Review Cycle

The SEND Code of Practice 0-25 promotes the use of the ‘assess, plan, do, and review cycle’. This can be used to meet the needs of children and young people and improve practice ensuring that:

  • individual children and young people have the best possible provision and achieve positive outcomes
  • SEND provision made by an educational provider meets the needs of all children and young people with SEND
  • the EHC needs assessment, planning and review processes support children and young people, their families and educational provider.

Education providers must do their best to find out if a child or young person has special educational needs and or disability and give them the support they need to help them learn. Below the process of how this should work:

Assess - initial assessment of child’s needs are made by the education provider. This may be carried out by the teacher however outside agencies may also be involved.

Plan - the education provider, parents and pupil agree on a plan of learning activities. This should indicate what the child or young person, family, educational provider and any other services involved, will do to achieve the outcomes identified.

Do - interventions and support will be delivered by the education provider and progress shared should be shared with parents.

Review - the effectiveness of the intervention will be reviewed involving parents and the child or young person through this process.

The SENCO’s role

It is vital to have regular contact with the education provider's SENCO when reviewing your child's progress and developing new strategies to use. If you require advice on how to approach an education provider to discuss these matters, or feel that the SEND support needs reviewing you can contact Derby's Information Advice and Support Service or Umbrella's Independent Support Service

Need more Support?

It may be that despite the above support, your child may still need additional support beyond what the school can offer. If that is the case you may want to apply for an Education Health and Care Plan.

Read Derby's Graduated Response Guide.



Contact details

Post address:
Corporation Street, Derby DE1 2FS
Phone: 01332 640758

Derby's SEND Local Offer

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