"To achieve equity from the start, investment in the early years is crucial. However, maintaining the reduction of inequalities across the gradient also requires a sustained commitment to children and young people through the years of education. Central to this is the acquisition of cognitive and non-cognitive skills, which are strongly associated with both educational achievement and a whole range of other outcomes including better employment, income and physical and mental health. Overall, success in education brings many advantages. If we are serious about reducing both social and health inequalities, we must maintain our focus on improving educational outcomes across the gradient" (Marmot, 2010).
Children and young people in Derby have poorer outcomes on average when compared to their peers in England. Derby has significantly:
Children and young people in Derby do however, require significantly fewer hospital admissions for dental caries and certain long-term conditions, such as Asthma. This would indicate better management of those conditions in a primary care setting.
The latest nationally published information on childhood health and wellbeing can be found in the interactive tools Child Health Profiles and Children and Young People's Health Benchmarking Tool produced by Public Health England.
Public Health England's 'Local Health' provides an interactive geographical tool showing a range of health and related measures at Clinical Commissioning Group, local authority and ward-level information.
Additionally, a range of information, including health, is provided for each of Derby's seventeen wards can be found in the Neighbourhood Profiles.
The following pages explore the level of need in this population in relation to these focussed subject areas: